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[Further survey on efficacy of attenuated live hepatitis A vaccines]

Author(s): Meng Z, Yao J, Zhao Y

Affiliation(s): Hebei Province Sanitary and Anti-epidemic Station, Baoding 071000, China.

Publication date & source: 2000-01, Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi., 80(1):9-11.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To further survey the protective efficacy of the standard attenuated live hepatitis A vaccines (H(2) strain). METHODS: Randomized and controlled trials were performed in Fucheng county, Hebei province. A total of 12 036 children were assigned into vaccine group (5 551) and control group (6 485) by cluster sampling. The morbidity of hepatitis A was observed and the blood was collected once hepatitis A showed epidemic to detect anti-HAV IgG and IgM. RESULTS: During the period of the first 7 months after vaccination, hepatitis A was sporadic, the morbidity of hepatitis A was 0.55/100 000, and only 1 case occurred in the control group and no case in the vaccine group. From January to August 1998, hepatitis A showed epidemic in a township of this county. The morbidities were 0.37% and 6.69% for vaccine group and control group, respectively. The protective efficacy of the vaccine was 94.47%. The ratios of clinical cases to subclinical infections were 1 to 11 and 1 to 1 for vaccine and control groups, respectively (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The H(2) strain vaccine has a very good protective efficacy, and obviously decreases the attack rate, new infection rate and clinical cases by HAV infection.

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