A clinical multicenter study comparing efficacy and tolerability of topical combination therapy with clotrimazole (Canesten, two formats) with oral single dose fluconazole (Diflucan) in vulvovaginal mycoses.
Author(s): Mendling W, Krauss C, Fladung B
Affiliation(s): Vivantes-Klinka im Friedrichshain und Am Urban, Klinik fur Gynakologie und Geburtsmedizin, Berlin, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2004-04, Mycoses., 47(3-4):136-42.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
Two topical formats containing clotrimazole [500 mg single dose vaginal tablet (VT) or 10% single dose vaginal cream (VC) for intravaginal use] combined with additional clotrimazole cream for topical application to the vulval area (Canesten 1 Combi, Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Germany) were compared with oral fluconazole 150 mg single dose treatment of vulvovaginal mycosis (VVM) in a single-blind clinical study. The objective of the study was to demonstrate the equivalent efficacy of the clotrimazole combination therapies (VT + 1% cream and VC + 2% cream), and fluconazole 150 mg oral capsule (Diflucan 1, Pfizer Gmbh, Karlsruhe, Germany) in terms of overall response defined as clinical cure and mycological resolution. Overall, combination therapies containing either clotrimazole 500 mg VTs or clotrimazole 10% VC were as effective as a single dose fluconazole 150 mg oral tablet in treating VVM with rates for overall response being 66%, 61% and 60%, respectively, after 14 days. There were no significant differences in the time to onset of symptom relief in the clotrimazole 500 mg tablet group and clotrimazole 10% VC compared with fluconazole 150 mg oral capsules. Only 50% of 88 patients across treatment groups with mycological recurrence also experienced return of symptoms over the entire 8 week follow-up period. All treatments administered were safe and well-tolerated and the number of patients experiencing adverse events was low.