DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Effect of hydrochlorothiazide, enalapril, and propranolol on quality of life and cognitive and motor function in hypertensive patients.

Author(s): McCorvey E Jr, Wright JT Jr, Culbert JP, McKenney JM, Proctor JD, Annett MP

Affiliation(s): College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, Miami.

Publication date & source: 1993-04, Clin Pharm., 12(4):300-5.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

The effect of hydrochlorothiazide, propranolol, and enalapril on cognitive and motor function and quality of life (QOL) in hypertensive patients was studied. Patients > or = 55 years of age with asymptomatic essential hypertension were included in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Subjects discontinued their previous antihypertensive agents and started hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg, extended-release propranolol hydrochloride 120 mg, enalapril maleate 10 mg, or placebo. One capsule was taken for three days and then the dosage was doubled for the remainder of a four-week period. Subsequent crossover treatments were begun without a washout period. In each treatment phase, a battery of psychometric tests was used to assess cognitive and motor function and quality of life; all tests but one were self-administered via computer terminal. Pulse rate and blood pressure were recorded, and compliance was monitored by capsule count. Sixteen of 30 patients interviewed completed the trials; one additional patient was evaluated after receiving all treatments except hydrochlorothiazide. Mean +/- S.D. age of the subjects was 66 +/- 6.1 years; 10 were black and 7 white; 9 were men. Except for the hydrochlorothiazide group, blood pressure in the active treatment groups did not differ significantly from placebo; hydrochlorothiazide significantly reduced systolic but not diastolic blood pressure compared with placebo. Compared with placebo, hydrochlorothiazide was associated with fewer incorrect responses in a test of complex reaction time and with greater discriminant reaction time response rates; otherwise, no difference between groups was noted in cognitive or motor performance. There were no significant differences between active treatments and placebo on individual QOL measures.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017