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Comparative bioavailability of two immediate release tablets of enalapril/hydrochlorothiazide in healthy volunteers.

Author(s): Maya MT, Goncalves NJ, Silva NE, Filipe AE, Morais JA, Caturla MC, Rovira M

Affiliation(s): Centro de Metabolismos e Genetica, Faculdade de Farmacia da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal.

Publication date & source: 2002-04, Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet., 27(2):91-9.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

A bioequivalence study of two oral formulations of 20/12.5 mg tablets of enalapril/hydrochlorothiazide was carried out in 20 healthy male volunteers according to a single dose, two-sequence, crossover randomized design. One washout period of nine days was observed between the two periods. Multiple samples were collected over 96 hours post-dosing. Bioavailability was evaluated on the basis of plasma concentrations of enalapril and its main active metabolite, enalaprilat and hydrochlorothiazide. Plasma samples were assayed for enalapril, enalaprilat and hydrochlorothiazide using a selective and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography method with mass spectrometry detection (LC-MS). The pharmacokinetic parameter values of Cmax and tmax were obtained directly from plasma data, k(e) was estimated by log-linear regression, and AUC was calculated by trapezoidal rule. Different statistical tests were performed on the basis of untransformed and log-transformed data and the overall residual variance from ANOVA. Assuming the accepted tolerance intervals, a beta-error of 20% and 90% confidence intervals (alpha = 0.10), all the generally accepted tests (Schuirmann test and Wilcoxon-Tukey and Hauschke nonparametric tests) showed that the formulations can be considered as bioequivalent with respect to the extent of absorption, given by the AUC(0-infinity) and with respect to rate of absorption as assessed by Cmax and tmax.

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