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Functional magnetic resonance imaging study on the effects of acute single administration of paroxetine on motivation-related brain activity.

Author(s): Marutani T, Yahata N, Ikeda Y, Ito T, Yamamoto M, Matsuura M, Matsushima E, Okubo Y, Suzuki H, Matsuda T

Affiliation(s): Tamagawa University Brain Science Institute, Tokyo, Japan.

Publication date & source: 2011-03, Psychiatry Clin Neurosci., 65(2):191-8.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of acute paroxetine administration on brain activity related to motivation. METHODS: Sixteen healthy subjects participated in a randomized, single-blind, no-drug/placebo-controlled, cross-over study. After administration of no drug, placebo or paroxetine (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor; 20 mg), subjects underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing a monetary incentive delay task. We analyzed the differences in brain activities of the reward anticipation/motor preparation period that are subject to motivational modulation. For this purpose, we subdivided the incentive trials on the basis of whether the reaction times (RT) were slower or faster than the subject's mean RT (slow RT and fast RT trials). RESULTS: No drug and placebo showed robust activation differences in the globus pallidus and putamen for the fast RT trials compared to the slow RT trials, whereas paroxetine showed none. Paroxetine showed significantly lower activations in the globus pallidus, insula, putamen and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex compared to no drug in the fast RT trials. CONCLUSIONS: Paroxetine single acute administration diminished brain activity induced by motivation in healthy subjects. This may partially explain the increased lack of motivation seen in patients with relatively mild symptoms after taking a dose of paroxetine for the first time. (c) 2011 The Authors. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (c) 2011 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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