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First- and second-generation immunometric PTH assays during treatment of hyperparathyroidism with cinacalcet HCl.

Author(s): Martin KJ, Juppner H, Sherrard DJ, Goodman WG, Kaplan MR, Nassar G, Campbell P, Curzi M, Charytan C, McCary LC, Guo MD, Turner SA, Bushinsky DA

Affiliation(s): Division of Nephrology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. martinkj@slu.edu

Publication date & source: 2005-09, Kidney Int., 68(3):1236-43.

Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: First-generation immunometric assays for "intact" parathyroid hormone (iPTH) also measure large N-terminally truncated PTH fragments, whereas second-generation assays, such as the "bio-intact" PTH (biPTH) assay, measure only full-length biologically active PTH(1-84). This study compared iPTH and biPTH assays during cinacalcet treatment in subjects with secondary HPT receiving dialysis. METHODS: Four hundred and ten subjects were enrolled in a 26-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral cinacalcet (or placebo), 30 to 180 mg once daily, and efficacy was assessed using biPTH and iPTH assays. RESULTS: Compared with control treatment, cinacalcet improved the management of secondary HPT. Both biPTH and iPTH decreased by 38%+/- 3% during weeks 13 to 26 in the cinacalcet group; biPTH increased by 23%+/- 4% and iPTH increased by 9.5%+/- 3% in the control group (P < 0.001). Fifty-six percent of cinacalcet subjects and 10% of control subjects had a > or = 30% reduction in biPTH, and 61% and 11%, respectively, had a > or = 30% reduction in iPTH. Significant correlations between biPTH and iPTH levels were observed throughout the study. Both assays correlated similarly with bone-specific alkaline phosphatase levels. The ratio of biPTH to iPTH was maintained at 56% +/- 1% after treatment in both treatment groups. Increasing serum calcium levels were associated with a decreasing ratio of biPTH to (iPTH-biPTH). CONCLUSION: These data show that PTH can be monitored with either iPTH or biPTH assays during therapy with cinacalcet, and that cinacalcet therapy does not exert a major influence on the ratio between PTH(1-84) and large, N-terminally truncated PTH fragments.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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