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Effective bowel cleansing before colonoscopy: a randomized study of split-dosage versus non-split dosage regimens of high-volume versus low-volume polyethylene glycol solutions.

Author(s): Marmo R, Rotondano G, Riccio G, Marone A, Bianco MA, Stroppa I, Caruso A, Pandolfo N, Sansone S, Gregorio E, D'Alvano G, Procaccio N, Capo P, Marmo C, Cipolletta L

Affiliation(s): Division of Gastroenterology, Curto Hospital, Polla, Italy. ricmarmo1@virgilio.it

Publication date & source: 2010-08, Gastrointest Endosc., 72(2):313-20. Epub 2010 Jun 19.

BACKGROUND: Adequate bowel cleansing is essential for a high-quality, effective, and safe colonoscopy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the degree of colon cleansing comparing split-dosage versus non-split-dosage intake of two different polyethylene glycol (PEG) volumes (low-volume PEG + ascorbic acid vs standard-volume PEG-electrolyte solution) and to identify predictors of poor bowel cleansing. DESIGN: Single-blind, active control, randomized study. SETTING: Tertiary-care institutions in Italy. PATIENTS: This study involved adult patients undergoing elective colonoscopy. INTERVENTION: Colonoscopy with different bowel preparation methods. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Degree of bowel cleansing. RESULTS: We randomized 895 patients, and 868 patients were finally included in intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis. Overall compliance was excellent (97%) for both preparation methods. No difference in tolerability was recorded. Palatability was superior with low volume compared with high volume (acceptable or good 58% vs 51%, respectively, P < .005), independently of intake schedule. PEG plus ascorbic acid produced the same degree of cleansing as standard-volume PEG-electrolyte solution (77% vs 73.4%, respectively, within the split-dosage group and 41.7% vs 44.3%, respectively, within the non-split-dosage group). Independently of PEG volumes, the split-dosage regimen produced markedly superior cleansing results over the same-day method (good/excellent 327/435, 75.2% vs 186/433, 43.0%, P = .00001). Maximum cleansing was observed in colonoscopies performed within 8 hours from the last fluid intake versus over 8 hours from the last fluid intake (P < .001). The degree of bowel cleansing affected both cecal intubation (failed intubation 11.7% with fair/poor preparation vs 1.2% with good/excellent preparation, P = .00001) and polyp detection rates (12.2% with fair/poor vs 24.6% with good/excellent preparation, P = .001). Aborted procedures were significantly more frequent in the non-split-dosage arm (21.2% vs 6.9%, odds ratio [OR] 3.60 [2.29-5.77], P < .0001). Independent predictors of poor bowel cleansing were male sex (OR 1.45 [1.08-1.96], P = .014) and a non-split-dosage bowel preparation schedule (OR 2.08 [1.89-2.37], P = .0001). CONCLUSION: Low-volume PEG plus ascorbic acid is as effective as high-volume PEG-electrolyte solution but has superior palatability. A split-dosage schedule is the most effective bowel cleansing method. Colonoscopy should be performed within 8 hours of the last fluid intake. Copyright 2010 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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