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Celecoxib as a pre-emptive analgesia after arthroscopic knee surgery; a triple-blinded randomized controlled trial.

Author(s): Mardani-Kivi M(1), Karimi Mobarakeh M, Haghighi M, Naderi-Nabi B, Sedighi-Nejad A, Hashemi-Motlagh K, Saheb-Ekhtiari K.

Affiliation(s): Author information: (1)Orthopedic Department, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Publication date & source: 2013, Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. , 133(11):1561-6

BACKGROUND: Pre-emptive analgesia not only controls pain but also may result in the reduction of opioid consumption and related side effects following orthopedic surgeries. The purpose of the present study was to examine the therapeutic effects of celecoxib in reducing pain following the arthroscopic knee surgeries: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and partial meniscectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this triple-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, celecoxib 400 mg and identical placebo were administered, 2 h prior to operation, to 130 patient candidates for undergoing knee arthroscopic surgery of either isolated meniscectomy or ACL reconstruction. Pain intensity, 24 h opioid consumption and the related side effects were measured at 6 and 24 h post operation. RESULTS: The patients in both groups were similar with regards to demographic characteristics such as age, gender and body mass index. The results of the study indicated that the pain intensity and opioid consumption were lower in both subgroups (meniscectomy and ACL-R) in celecoxib group at 6 and 24 h post operation (P < 0.0001). The side effects of analgesics such as nausea and vomiting, sedation, and dizziness were not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: It seems that celecoxib as a pre-emptive analgesia agent is effective in decreasing acute postoperative pain and 24 h opioid consumption in patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery.

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