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Cinacalcet reduces serum calcium concentrations in patients with intractable primary hyperparathyroidism.

Author(s): Marcocci C, Chanson P, Shoback D, Bilezikian J, Fernandez-Cruz L, Orgiazzi J, Henzen C, Cheng S, Sterling LR, Lu J, Peacock M

Affiliation(s): Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa 2, Pisa, Italy. c.marcocci@endoc.med.unipi.it

Publication date & source: 2009-08, J Clin Endocrinol Metab., 94(8):2766-72. Epub 2009 May 26.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

CONTEXT: Patients with persistent primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) after parathyroidectomy or with contraindications to parathyroidectomy often require chronic treatment for hypercalcemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the ability of the calcimimetic, cinacalcet, to reduce serum calcium in patients with intractable PHPT. DESIGN: This was an open-label, single-arm study comprising a titration phase of variable duration (2-16 wk) and a maintenance phase of up to 136 wk. SETTING: The study was conducted at 23 centers in Europe, the United States, and Canada. PATIENTS: The study included 17 patients with intractable PHPT and serum calcium greater than 12.5 mg/dl (3.1 mmol/liter). INTERVENTION: During the titration phase, cinacalcet dosages were titrated every 2 wk (30 mg twice daily to 90 mg four times daily) for 16 wk until serum calcium was 10 mg/dl or less (2.5 mmol/liter). If serum calcium increased during the maintenance phase, additional increases in the cinacalcet dose were permitted. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The primary end point was the proportion of patients experiencing a reduction in serum calcium of 1 mg/dl or greater (0.25 mmol/liter) at the end of the titration phase. RESULTS: Mean +/- sd baseline serum calcium was 12.7 +/- 0.8 mg/dl (3.2 +/- 0.2 mmol/liter). At the end of titration, a 1 mg/dl or greater reduction in serum calcium was achieved in 15 patients (88%). Fifteen patients (88%) experienced treatment-related adverse events, none of which were serious. The most common adverse events were nausea, vomiting, and paresthesias. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with intractable PHPT, cinacalcet reduces serum calcium, is generally well tolerated, and has the potential to fulfill an unmet medical need.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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