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Randomised double-blind comparative study of efficacy and safety of hydroflumethiazide and reserpine and chlortalidone and atenolol in the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension in black patients.

Author(s): Maharaj B, van der Byl K

Affiliation(s): Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Natal Medical School, Durban, South Africa.

Publication date & source: 1993-10, J Hum Hypertens., 7(5):447-50.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Comparative Study ; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

This randomised, double-blind study compared the efficacy and safety of a fixed combination of hydroflumethiazide 50 mg and reserpine 0.125 mg (H-R) and chlortalidone 12.5 mg and atenolol 50 mg (C-A) in adult black patients with mild to moderate hypertension (a resting supine diastolic blood pressure (DBP) between 95 and 115 mmHg after a two week placebo washout period). If the DBP did not reach 90 mmHg after four weeks, the dosage was doubled. There were 27 patients in the H-R group and 22 in the C-A group who completed the study. In the H-R group, supine systolic and diastolic BP were reduced from 156.5 (95% confidence intervals 150.1-162.9) and 102.0 (97.5-106.5) mmHg to 137.0 (130.6-143.4) and 87.4 (83.0-91.9) mmHg, respectively. The corresponding values in the C-A group were 154.1 (147.0-161.2) and 103.4 (98.5-108.4) mmHg to 136.4 (129.3-143.5) and 91.2 (86.2-96.1) mmHg, respectively. Normalisation, response and control of DBP was achieved in 88.9, 92.6 and 100% of patients, respectively, in the H-R group, and in 81.8, 95.5 and 95.5% of patients in the C-A group, respectively. The dose was doubled in 14.8% of patients on H-R and 40.1% on C-A. No clinically significant abnormalities in laboratory variables and no serious adverse effects were encountered. Both drugs have been shown to be efficacious and safe in the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension in black patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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