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Effect of time interval between food and drug ingestion on the absorption of oxybutynin from a controlled-release tablet.

Author(s): Lukkari E, Aranko K, Juhakoski A, Hakonen T, Neuvonen PJ

Affiliation(s): Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Publication date & source: 1997-07, Pharmacol Toxicol., 81(1):31-4.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

The effect of time interval between food and drug ingestion on the bioavailability of oxybutynin was investigated in a randomized, three-phase cross-over study in 31 healthy volunteers. The serum concentrations of oxybutynin and the metabolite, N-desethyloxybutynin were measured up to 48 hr after ingestion of a controlled-release 10 mg oxybutynin tablet either in fasting state, 2 hr after breakfast or 1 hr before. The Cmax of both oxybutynin (P < 0.0001) and N-desethyloxybutynin (P < 0.0001) and the AUC0-1 of N-desethyloxybutynin (P < 0.05) were significantly larger when oxybutynin was ingested 2 hr after breakfast, than during the fasting, but the AUC0-1 of oxybutynin remained unchanged. Breakfast ingested 1 hr after oxybutynin did not affect the pharmacokinetic parameters of oxybutynin or N-desethyloxybutynin. The saliva secretion rate decreased slightly more (P < 0.05), when oxybutynin was administered 2 hr after breakfast than during fasting. The effect of food ingestion on the serum concentrations of oxybutynin and N-desethyloxybutynin is expected to have minor clinical significance only. However, ingestion of the controlled-release tablet 1 hr before meal increases the likelihood of obtaining constant drug levels with lower peak concentrations during the dosage interval, and thus ingestion of the controlled-release tablet 0.5-1 hr before food may well improve tolerability and compliance in patients who suffer from adverse reactions.

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