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An equivalence study of the safety and efficacy of a fixed-dose combination of perindopril with indapamide versus fixed-dose combinations of captopril with hydrochlorothiazide and enalapril with hydrochlorothiazide in the treatment of hypertension.

Author(s): Luccioni R, Sever PS, Di Perri T, Redon J, Laurandin I, Brault Y, Chastang C, Guez D

Affiliation(s): University Hospital Centre for Timone, Marseille, France.

Publication date & source: 1995-12, J Hypertens., 13(12 Pt 2):1847-51.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this multicenter, randomly allocated, double-blind, parallel-group study was to evaluate the equivalence of three fixed-dose combination drugs in mild to moderate hypertension: perindopril + indapamide (4 + 1.25 mg), captopril + hydrochlorothiazide (50 + 25 mg) and enalapril + hydrochlorothiazide (20 + 12.5 mg). PATIENTS AND METHODS: After a single-blind, 4-week, placebo run-in phase, 527 patients (mean +/- SD age 54.5 +/- 1.2 years) with a supine diastolic blood pressure of 101.2-101.7 mmHg were randomly assigned to one of the three treatments for 8 weeks. The main evaluation criteria were diastolic blood pressure and serum potassium concentration. Equivalence was assessed on an intention-to-treat basis, using Schuirmann's method, which involves performing two one-tailed statistical tests on the data. Thirty-five patients were withdrawn from the study but there were no differences between groups in the reasons for withdrawal. RESULTS: Diastolic blood pressure decreased by between 13.1 and 14.2 mmHg in the three groups. The 90% confidence intervals for the differences between perindopril + indapamide and the other treatments were -1.1, +1.7 mmHg for captopril + hydrochlorothiazide and -0.4, +2.6 mmHg for enalapril + hydrochlorothiazide. Schuirmann's test was highly statistically significant (P<0.001 for perindopril + indapamide versus captopril + hydrochlorothiazide; P<0.002 for perindopril + indapamide versus enalapril + hydrochlorothiazide), so that the two one-sided hypotheses that the treatments were not equivalent were rejected at the nominal level of alpha = 0.05. Similarly, the safety of the treatments was equivalent in terms of serum potassium. The 90% confidence intervals of the differences between perindopril + indapamide and the other treatments were -8.7, -1.6% for captopril + hydrochlorothiazide (P = 0.004) and -1.5, +2.7% for enalapril + hydrochlorothiazide (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the safety and efficacy of perindopril + indapamide, captopril + hydrochlorothiazide and enalapril + hydrochlorothiazide were equivalent after 8 weeks of treatment in patients with mild to moderate hypertension.

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