An oral selective M3 cholinergic receptor antagonist in COPD.
Author(s): Lu S, Parekh DD, Kuznetsova O, Green SA, Tozzi CA, Reiss TF
Affiliation(s): Depts of Respiratory and Allergy, Rahway, NJ, USA.
Publication date & source: 2006-10, Eur Respir J., 28(4):772-80. Epub 2006 Jul 26.
Cholinergic antagonists have been used since the early 1900s as bronchodilators for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study investigated whether an oral muscarinic M3-selective anticholinergic agent (OrM3) would provide an improved therapeutic advantage compared with an inhaled anticholinergic agent in patients with COPD. A 6-week, multicentre, randomised, placebo- and active-controlled, parallel-group study was performed at 56 sites in the USA. In total, 412 male and female patients (aged 35-86 yrs) with a clinical history consistent with COPD were randomised to receive OrM3 0.5, 2, 3 or 4 mg orally once daily, ipratropium bromide 36 mug by inhalation four times daily or placebo. OrM3 demonstrated a significant dose-related improvement in serial forced expiratory volume in one second and a trend for dose-related improvement in patient-reported symptoms compared with placebo. However, at a dose that provided efficacy less than that of ipratropium, the incidence of dose-related, mechanism-based side-effects for OrM3 exceeded those observed for ipratropium. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the oral M3-selective agent did not offer a therapeutic advantage over inhaled ipratropium. These results do not support the hypothesis that high selectivity for muscarinic M3 receptors over airway neuronal M2 receptors will represent a more effective therapy than current inhaled anticholinergics in obstructive airway disease.