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Effect of esomeprazole and rabeprazole on intragastric pH in healthy Chinese: an open, randomized crossover trial.

Author(s): Li ZS, Zhan XB, Xu GM, Cheng NN, Liao Z

Affiliation(s): Department of Gastroenterology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. zhaoshenli@hotmail.com

Publication date & source: 2007-06, J Gastroenterol Hepatol., 22(6):815-20.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Esomeprazole is the S-isomer of omeprazole, with a stronger acid suppressive effect than omeprazole. This open, randomized crossover study was designed to evaluate the effect of esomeprazole and another proton-pump inhibitor, rabeprazole, on intragastric pH in healthy Chinese. METHODS: Thirty-six healthy volunteers (26 men and 10 women, aged between 20 and 31 years) were enrolled. Subjects were given either esomeprazole 40 mg (n = 18) or rabeprazole 10 mg (n = 18) orally once daily for 5 days during the first dosing period, then the other medicine at the set dosage for the second dosing period. The two periods were separated by a 14-day washout phase. The doses were chosen according to the State Food and Drug Administration of China for the treatment of acid-related diseases. Intragastric pH was continuously monitored for 24 h on days 1 and 5 of each dosing period. CYP2C19 genotypes were analyzed to identify the extensive metabolizers (EM) and poor metabolizers (PM). RESULTS: The percentage of time with intragastric pH >4 was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in subjects receiving esomeprazole than in those receiving rabeprazole in the first 4 h after administration of the first dose (70.65% vs 44.87%), at 24 h on day 1 (73.7% vs 54.8%) and at 24 h on day 5 (84.2% vs 76.2%). The median intragastric pH was also higher in subjects receiving esomeprazole than in those receiving rabeprazole in the first 6 h, day 1 and day 5 (P <or= 0.001). The percentage of subjects with intragastric pH >4 for at least 16 h on day 1 (63.9% vs 33.3%) and on day 5 (88.9% vs 61.1%) was higher after administration of esomeprazole than after rabeprazole (both P < 0.05). On genotype analysis, 28 of the subjects were EM and eight were PM. Those who were PM tended to have a higher, albeit not statistically significant, percentage of time with intragastric pH >4 and the median 24-h intragastric pH than those who were EM. Both drugs were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Esomeprazole 40 mg orally once daily is more effective and faster in increasing intragastric pH than rabeprazole 10 mg orally once daily, and thus offers a potential for improved efficacy in acid-related diseases.

Page last updated: 2007-08-04

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