Treatment of aspirin-resistant patients with omega-3 fatty acids versus aspirin dose escalation.
Author(s): Lev EI, Solodky A, Harel N, Mager A, Brosh D, Assali A, Roller M, Battler A, Kleiman NS, Kornowski R
Affiliation(s): Cardiology Department, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2010-01-12, J Am Coll Cardiol., 55(2):114-21.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether addition of omega-3 fatty acids or increase in aspirin dose improves response to low-dose aspirin among patients who are aspirin resistant. BACKGROUND: Low response to aspirin has been associated with adverse cardiovascular events. However, there is no established therapeutic approach to overcome aspirin resistance. Omega-3 fatty acids decrease the availability of platelet arachidonic acid (AA) and indirectly thromboxane A2 formation. METHODS: Patients (n = 485) with stable coronary artery disease taking low-dose aspirin (75 to 162 mg) for at least 1 week were screened for aspirin response with the VerifyNow Aspirin assay (Accumetrics, San Diego, California). Further testing was performed by platelet aggregation. Aspirin resistance was defined by > or =2 of 3 criteria: VerifyNow score > or =550, 0.5-mg/ml AA-induced aggregation > or =20%, and 10-micromol/l adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced aggregation > or =70%. Thirty patients (6.2%) were found to be aspirin resistant and randomized to receive either low-dose aspirin + omega-3 fatty acids (4 capsules daily) or aspirin 325 mg daily. After 30 days of treatment patients were re-tested. RESULTS: Both groups (n = 15 each) had similar clinical characteristics. After treatment significant reductions in AA- and ADP-induced aggregation and the VerifyNow score were observed in both groups. Plasma levels of thromboxane B2 were also reduced in both groups (56.8% reduction in the omega-3 fatty acids group, and 39.6% decrease in the aspirin group). Twelve patients (80%) who received omega-3 fatty acids and 11 patients (73%) who received aspirin 325 mg were no longer aspirin resistant after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of aspirin-resistant patients by adding omega-3 fatty acids or increasing the aspirin dose seems to improve response to aspirin and effectively reduces platelet reactivity.