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The DRD2/ANKK1 gene is associated with response to add-on dextromethorphan treatment in bipolar disorder.

Author(s): Lee SY, Chen SL, Chang YH, Chen SH, Chu CH, Huang SY, Tzeng NS, Wang CL, Lee IH, Yeh TL, Yang YK, Lu RB.

Affiliation(s): Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and Hospital, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Publication date & source: 2012, J Affect Disord. , 138(3):295-300

Dextromethorphan (DM) is a non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist that may be neuroprotective for monoamine neurons. We hypothesized that adding DM to valproate (VPA) treatment would attenuate bipolar disorder (BP) symptoms. We evaluated in BP patients the association between the DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphism with treatment response to VPA+add-on DM and to VPA+placebo. This double-blind, stratified, randomized study ran from January 2007 through December 2010. BP patients undergoing regular VPA treatments were randomly assigned to groups given either add-on DM (60 mg/day) (n=167) or placebo (n=83) for 12 weeks. The Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were used to evaluate clinical response. The genotypes of the DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphisms were determined using polymerase chain reactions plus restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. To adjust within-subject dependence over repeated assessments, multiple linear regression with generalized estimating equation methods was used to analyze the effects of the DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphism on clinical performance. Both groups showed significantly decreased YMRS and HDRS scores after 12 weeks of treatment; the differences between groups were non-significant. Decreases in YMRS scores were greater in patients with the A1A1 (P=0.004) genotypes than with the A2A2 genotype. We conclude that the DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphism influenced responses to DM by decreasing manic symptoms in BP patients.

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