Pre-treatment with an intravenous lipid emulsion containing fish oil (eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid) decreases inflammatory markers after open-heart surgery in infants: A randomized, controlled trial.
Author(s): Larsen BM, Goonewardene LA, Joffe AR, Van Aerde JE, Field CJ, Olstad DL, Clandinin MT
Affiliation(s): Nutrition Service, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton Area, Canada; Alberta Institute for Human Nutrition, University of Alberta, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Canada.
Publication date & source: 2011-12-01, Clin Nutr., [Epub ahead of print]
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study assessed the effects of administering a lipid emulsion containing eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid before and after open-heart surgery on cytokine production and length of hospital stay in infants. METHODS: Thirty-two infants (40 +/- 2.3 weeks gestational age; 10.6 days at time of surgery) undergoing open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were randomized to receive an intravenous lipid emulsion with (treatment) or without (control) eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid in this prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. RESULTS: Mean plasma TNF-alpha concentration was significantly (p = 0.003) lower in the treatment (5.9 pg/mL) compared to the control group (14.8 pg/mL). In infants without sepsis, plasma TNF-alpha did not differ according to treatment, however when sepsis developed, mean plasma TNF-alpha was 21.1 pg/mL and 1.5 pg/mL (p = 0.0007) in control and treatment groups, respectively. Plasma TNF-alpha was positively correlated with length of hospital stay in the control group (p = 0.01), and negatively correlated with length of stay in the treatment group (p = 0.004), with a significant time by treatment interaction (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Providing a lipid emulsion containing eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid reduces TNF-alpha concentrations in infants undergoing open-heart surgery. Lipid emulsions containing eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid may ameliorate the inflammatory response among critically ill infants. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00336908. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.