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Safety, efficacy and convenience of tobramycin inhalation powder in cystic fibrosis patients: The EAGER trial.

Author(s): Konstan MW, Flume PA, Kappler M, Chiron R, Higgins M, Brockhaus F, Zhang J, Angyalosi G, He E, Geller DE

Affiliation(s): Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA. michael.konstan@UHhospitals.org

Publication date & source: 2011-01, J Cyst Fibros., 10(1):54-61. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: A light-porous-particle, dry-powder formulation of tobramycin was developed, using PulmoSphere(R) technology, to improve airway delivery efficiency, substantially reduce delivery time, and improve patient convenience and satisfaction. We evaluated the safety, efficacy and convenience of tobramycin inhalation powder (TIP) versus tobramycin inhalation solution (TIS, TOBI(R)) for treating Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients aged >/=6 years. METHODS: In this open-label study, 553 patients were randomized 3:2 to TIP (total 112mg tobramycin) via the Novartis T-326 Inhaler or TIS 300mg/5mL via PARI LC(R) PLUS nebulizer twice daily for three treatment cycles (28 days on-drug, 28 days off-drug). Safety, efficacy, and treatment satisfaction outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: TIP was generally well-tolerated; adverse events were similar in both groups. The rate of cough suspected to be study drug related was higher in TIP-treated patients (TIP: 25.3%; TIS: 4.3%), as was the overall discontinuation rate (TIP: 26.9%; TIS: 18.2%). Increases in FEV(1)% predicted from baseline to Day 28 of Cycle 3 were similar between groups; the mean reduction in sputum P. aeruginosa density (log(10) CFU/g) on Day 28 of Cycle 3 was also comparable between groups. Administration time was significantly less for TIP (mean: 5.6 versus 19.7min, p<0.0001). Treatment satisfaction was significantly higher for TIP for effectiveness, convenience, and global satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: TIP has a safety and efficacy profile comparable with TIS, and offers a far more convenient treatment option for pseudomonas lung infection in CF. Copyright A(c) 2010 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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