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A new adjuvant improves the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in hemodialysis patients.

Author(s): Kong NC, Beran J, Kee SA, Miguel JL, Sanchez C, Bayas JM, Vilella A, Calbo-Torrecillas F, Lopez de Novales E, Srinivasa K, Stoffel M, Hoet B

Affiliation(s): 1Nephroloyg/Dialysis Unit, Department of Medicine, National University Hospital of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Publication date & source: 2008-04, Kidney Int., 73(7):856-62. Epub 2007 Dec 26.

Publication type: Comment; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Prehemodialysis and hemodialysis patients are at an increased risk of hepatitis B infection and have an impaired immune response to hepatitis B vaccines. We evaluated the immune response to the new adjuvant of hepatitis B vaccine AS04 (HBV-AS04) in this population. We measured antibody persistence for up to 42 months, and the anamnestic response and safety of booster doses in patients who were no longer seroprotected. The primary vaccination study showed that HBV-AS04 elicited an earlier antibody response and higher antibody titers than four double doses of standard hepatitis B vaccine. Seroprotection rates were significantly higher in HBV-AS04 recipients throughout the study. The decline in seroprotection over time was significantly less in the HBV-AS04 group with significantly fewer primed patients requiring a booster dose over the follow-up period. Solicited/unsolicited adverse events were rare following booster administration. Fifty-seven patients experienced a serious adverse event during the follow-up; none of which was vaccine related. When HBV-AS04 was used as the priming immunogen, the need for a booster dose occurred at a longer time compared to double doses of standard hepatitis B vaccine. Hence, in this population, the HBV-AS04 was immunogenic, safe, and well-tolerated both as a booster dose after HBV-AS04 or standard hepatitis B vaccine priming.

Page last updated: 2008-08-11

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