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Small interfering RNA against BCR-ABL transcripts sensitize mutated T315I cells to nilotinib.

Author(s): Koldehoff M, Kordelas L, Beelen DW, Elmaagacli AH

Affiliation(s): Department of Bone Marrow Transplantation, West German Cancer Center, University Hospital of Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstr. 55 45122 Essen, Germany. michael.koldehoff@uk-essen.de

Publication date & source: 2010-03, Haematologica., 95(3):388-97.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND: Selective inhibition of the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase by RNA interference has been demonstrated in leukemic cells. We, therefore, evaluated specific BCR-ABL small interfering RNA silencing in BCR-ABL-positive cell lines, including those resistant to imatinib and particularly those with the T315I mutation. DESIGN AND METHODS: The factor-independent 32Dp210 BCR-ABL oligoclonal cell lines and human imatinib-resistant BCR-ABL-positive cells from patients with leukemic disorders were investigated. The effects of BCR-ABL small interfering RNA or the combination of BCR-ABL small interfering RNA with imatinib and nilotinib were compared with those of the ABL inhibitors imatinib and nilotinib. RESULTS: Co-administration of BCR-ABL small interfering RNA with imatinib or nilotinib dramatically reduced BCR-ABL expression in wild-type and mutated BCR-ABL cells and increased the lethal capacity. BCR-ABL small interfering RNA significantly induced apoptosis and inhibited proliferation in wild-type (P<0.0001) and mutated cells (H396P, T315I, P<0.0001) versus controls. Co-treatment with BCR-ABL small interfering RNA and imatinib or nilotinib resulted in increased inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis in T315I cells as compared to imatinib or nilotinib alone (P<0.0001). Furthermore, the combination of BCR-ABL small interfering RNA with imatinib or nilotinib significantly (P<0.01) reversed multidrug resistance-1 gene-dependent resistance of mutated cells. In T315I cells BCR-ABL small interfering RNA with nilotinib had powerful effects on cell cycle distribution. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that silencing by BCR-ABL small interfering RNA combined with imatinib or nilotinib may be associated with an additive antileukemic activity against tyrosine kinase inhibitor-sensitive and resistant BCR-ABL cells, and might be an alternative approach to overcome BCR-ABL mutations.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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