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Effect of AT1 receptor blockade on endothelial function in essential hypertension.

Author(s): Klingbeil AU, John S, Schneider MP, Jacobi J, Handrock R, Schmieder RE

Affiliation(s): Department of Medicine IV, University of Erlangen-Numberg, Erlangen-Nurnberg, Germany.

Publication date & source: 2003-02, Am J Hypertens., 16(2):123-8.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II adversely affects endothelial function and NO availability. We analyzed the effect of AT(1) receptor blockade on endothelium-dependent vasodilation and basal nitric oxide (NO) production and release in hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty patients (53 +/- 10 years) with essential hypertension were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind therapy with either valsartan (80 mg), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) (25 mg), or placebo once daily. Basal NO production and release was assessed by measuring forearm blood flow (FBF) in response to intra-arterial infusion of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), and endothelium-dependent vasodilation by measuring FBF in response to intra-arterial administration of acetylcholine, respectively. Intra-arterial infusion of noradrenaline and sodium nitroprusside was used to assess endothelium-independent changes in FBF. Blood pressure (BP) similarly decreased with active treatments (P < .001). After valsartan treatment, the decrease of FBF in response to L-NMMA was augmented (4 micromol/min L-NMMA, -1.3 +/- 1.2 after v -0.5 +/- 1.1 mL/min/100 mL before therapy, P < .02; 8 micromol/min L-NMMA: -1.7 +/- 1.3 after v -1.1 +/- 1.2 mL/min 100 mL before therapy, P < .05). No improvement was found after placebo or HCTZ treatment. Changes in L-NMMA-induced decrease of FBF with valsartan treatment were not related to BP changes. Neither drug substantially modified the response of FBF induced by intra-arterial infusion of acetylcholine, noradrenaline, and sodium nitroprusside. CONCLUSIONS: The AT(1) receptor blockade with valsartan improved basal NO production and release. The effect seems to be BP independent, as BP reduction with HCTZ failed to increase NO availability. Copyright 2003 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.

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