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Effects of lovastatin on progression of non-dilated and dilated coronary segments and on restenosis in patients after PTCA. The cholesterol lowering atherosclerosis PTCA trial (CLAPT)

Author(s): Kleemann A, Eckert S, von Eckardstein A, Lepper W, Schernikau U, Gleichmann U, Hanrath P, Fleck E, Neiss A, Kerber S, Assmann G, Breithardt and the CLAPT Study

Affiliation(s): Institute for Arteriosclerosis Research, Munster, Germany.

Publication date & source: 1999-10, Eur Heart J., 20(19):1393-406.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVES: The Cholesterol Lowering Atherosclerosis PTCA Trial (CLAPT) is a prospective, randomized trial with blinded angiographic end-points to assess the effect of 2-year's treatment with lovastatin initiated 4 weeks prior to PTCA, compared to usual care on non-dilated coronary segments and on dilated coronary lesions in male patients with total cholesterol between 200 and 300 mg. dl(-1)who underwent elective PTCA. METHODS and RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty six patients were randomized 4 weeks prior to PTCA to special care (diet plus lovastatin n=112) or usual care (diet; n=114). One hundred and ninety-nine patients underwent PTCA at baseline and were finally included in the study. Quantitative coronary angiographic assessment was performed on blinded cinefilms at baseline (PTCA) and repeated after 4 and 24 months in 91% and 81% of the patients. The primary end-point was a change in the mean segment diameter of non-dilated segments. The mean lovastatin dose was 33 mg. day(-1). Total- and LDL-cholesterol decreased by 21% and 29% in the special care group and by 7% and 11% in the usual care patients.After 2 years, the mean segment diameter of non-dilated segments decreased by 0.03 mm in the usual care group and 0.004 mm in the special care group (P=0.27). The decrease in the mean segment diameter of dilated lesions was 0.17 mm (usual care) and 0.06 mm (special care) (P=0.04) after 4 months; 0.16 mm (usual care) and 0. 002 mm (special care) after 24 months, respectively (P=0.05). In both groups, the mean segment diameter of dilated lesions increased between 4 and 24 months after PTCA compared to a decrease in mean segment diameter of non-dilated segments (P<0.05). Restenosis (>50% diameter stenosis at follow-up) occurred in 28.4% of usual care and 22.2% of special care patients (P=0.17).CONCLUSIONS: Lovastatin reduced the progression of dilated lesions in men with elective PTCA. Independent of treatment allocation, the dilated lesions regressed and the non-dilated segments progressed during the study follow-up. Four weeks of pre-treatment with lovastatin did not influence the rate of restenosis. Lovastatin had no statistically significant effect on non-dilated segments. Copyright 1999 The European Society of Cardiology.

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