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Paricalcitol versus cinacalcet plus low-dose vitamin D therapy for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients receiving haemodialysis: results of the IMPACT SHPT study.

Author(s): Ketteler M, Martin KJ, Wolf M, Amdahl M, Cozzolino M, Goldsmith D, Sharma A, Marx S, Khan S.

Affiliation(s): Division of Nephrology, Klinikum Coburg, Coburg, Germany. markus.ketteler@klinikum-coburg.de

Publication date & source: 2012, Nephrol Dial Transplant. , 27(8):3270-8

BACKGROUND: Optimal treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) has not been defined. The IMPACT SHPT (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00977080) study assessed whether dose-titrated paricalcitol plus supplemental cinacalcet only for hypercalcaemia is superior to cinacalcet plus low-dose vitamin D in controlling intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels in patients with SHPT on haemodialysis. METHODS: In this 28-week, multicentre, open-label Phase 4 study, participants were randomly selected to receive paricalcitol or cinacalcet plus low-dose vitamin D. Randomization and analyses were stratified by mode of paricalcitol administration [intravenous (IV) or oral]. The primary efficacy end point was the proportion of subjects who achieved a mean iPTH value of 150-300 pg/mL during Weeks 21-28. RESULTS: Of 272 subjects randomized, 268 received one or more dose of study drug; 101 in the IV and 110 in the oral stratum with two or more values during Weeks 21-28 were included in the primary analysis. In the IV stratum, 57.7% of subjects in the paricalcitol versus 32.7% in the cinacalcet group (P = 0.016) achieved the primary end point. In the oral stratum, the corresponding proportions of subjects were 54.4% for paricalcitol and 43.4% for cinacalcet (P = 0.260). Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel analysis, controlling for stratum, revealed overall superiority of paricalcitol (56.0%) over cinacalcet (38.2%; P = 0.010) in achieving iPTH 150-300 pg/mL during Weeks 21-28. Hypercalcaemia occurred in 4 (7.7%) and 0 (0%) of paricalcitol-treated subjects in the IV and oral strata, respectively. Hypocalcaemia occurred in 46.9% and 54.7% of cinacalcet-treated subjects in the IV and oral strata, respectively. CONCLUSION: Paricalcitol versus cinacalcet plus low-dose vitamin D provided superior control of iPTH, with low incidence of hypercalcaemia.

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