[Efficacy and safety of the single pill combination of valsartan 80 mg plus amlodipine 5 mg in mild to moderate essential hypertensive patients without adequate blood pressure control by monotherapy]
Author(s): Ke YN, Huang J, Zhu JR, Valsartan/Amlodipine Single Pill Combination Study Group
Affiliation(s): Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shanghai 200032, China.
Publication date & source: 2009-09, Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi., 37(9):794-9.
Publication type: English Abstract; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a once daily valsartan/amlodipine 80/5 mg combination tablet in Chinese mild to moderate hypertensive patients without adequate blood pressure control by monotherapy. METHODS: Two multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double dummy, active-controlled, parallel group trials were conducted. After a washout period (no medication) of 1-4 weeks, patients with Mean Sitting Diastolic Blood Pressure (MSDBP) > or = 95 mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) and < 110 mm Hg received a monotherapy of either Amlodipine 5 mg (in study 1) or valsartan 80 mg (in study 2) for 4 weeks. Patients with MSDBP > or = 90 mm Hg and < 110 mm Hg at the end of the monotherapy period were randomized to receive valsartan/amlodipine 80/5 mg treatment, or continue with the monotherapy. RESULTS: In study 1, compared with amlodipine 5 mg, valsartan/amlodipine 80/5 mg once daily further reduced mean sitting systolic blood pressure (MSSBP)/MSDBP 4.4/3 mm Hg (P < 0.0001). In study 2, compared with valsartan 80 mg, valsartan/amlodipine 80/5 mg once daily further reduced MSSBP/MSDBP 6.4/4.2 mm Hg (P < 0.0001). The blood pressure (BP) control rates (BP < 140/90 mm Hg) of combination treatment group were 71.0% and 71.2% respectively, and significantly higher than the monotherapy groups in both trials. Incidence of adverse events was comparable in monotherapy and combination therapy groups. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that valsartan/amlodipine 80/5 mg was superior to amlodipine 5 mg or valsartan 80 mg alone in lowering blood pressure and BP control in patients with mild to moderate hypertension not adequately controlled with amlodipine 5 mg or valsartan 80 mg monotherapy. No new or unexpected safety issues were identified with valsartan/amlodipine combination therapy compared with monotherapy.