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Safety and efficacy of sequential i.v. to p.o. moxifloxacin versus conventional combination therapies for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in patients requiring initial i.v. therapy.

Author(s): Katz E, Larsen LS, Fogarty CM, Hamed K, Song J, Choudhri S

Affiliation(s): Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Publication date & source: 2004-11, J Emerg Med., 27(4):395-405.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

To compare the efficacy of sequential i.v. to p.o. moxifloxacin with ceftriaxone +/- azithromycin +/- metronidazole for the treatment of patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP), a multi-centered, prospective, randomized, open label study was performed. CAP patients were randomized to moxifloxacin (400 mg/d-at least one i.v. dose) or ceftriaxone (at least one dose of 2 g i.v. q.d. followed by cefuroxime 500 mg p.o. b.i.d.) +/- azithromycin, +/- metronidazole (cephalosporin/macrolide control: CMC). The primary endpoint was clinical response at test-of-cure (TOC) visit. Bacteriological response at TOC was the secondary endpoint. Clinical cure was found in 83.3% (90/108) of moxifloxacin patients and 79.6% (90/113) of control patients. Microbiological responses were 81.8% (18/22) for moxifloxacin and 60.7% (17/28) for CMC patients. Drug-related adverse events occurred in 18.0% of moxifloxacin and 16% of CMC patients. It is concluded that i.v. to p.o. moxifloxacin is as effective as CMC for treatment of CAP and is a reliable alternative antimicrobial therapy.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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