DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Is only perianal anesthesia with lidocaine-prilocaine cream sufficient to decrease the pain during transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy? A prospective randomized study.

Author(s): Kandirali E, Ulukaradag E, Uysal B, Serin E, Semercioz A, Metin A

Affiliation(s): Department of Urology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Izzet Baysal Medical Faculty, Bolu, Turkey. ekandirali@yahoo.com

Publication date & source: 2009, Urol Int., 82(3):262-5. Epub 2009 May 11.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

AIMS: To determine the optimal place to apply the local anesthetic agent and to investigate the efficacy of lidocaine-prilocaine cream on the perianal and intrarectal region during prostate biopsy. METHODS: The study included 80 patients. Patients were randomized into four groups: group 1 served as the control group and was administered no anesthesia; group 2 received 5 ml lidocaine-prilocaine cream perianally; group 3 received 5 ml lidocaine-prilocaine cream intrarectally, and group 4 received lidocaine-prilocaine cream perianally and intrarectally. Pain scores during probe insertion, biopsy procedure, and the overall pain score were assessed. Mean pain scores in each group were compared statistically. RESULTS: In group 1, the mean pain score was significantly higher during probe insertion than that during biopsy (p < 0.001). For the mean overall pain scores, there was no significant difference between groups 1 and 3 (p = 0.942), but the results of group 1 were statistically different from groups 2 (p = 0.001) and 4 (p < 0.001). When we compared the biopsy pain scores, there was no significant difference among the groups (p > 0.05). During probe insertion, subjects in groups 2 and 4 reported significantly lower pain scores than the control group (p = 0.002, p = 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Perianal anesthesia with lidocaine-prilocaine cream may solely be sufficient to decrease the pain during prostate biopsy. Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017