Specific and pronounced impacts of lisinopril and lisinopril plus simvastatin on erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes.
Author(s): Kaminsky Y, Suslikov A, Kosenko E
Affiliation(s): Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, RAS, Institutskaya ul. 3, Pushchino, 142290 Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2010-02, J Clin Pharmacol., 50(2):180-7. Epub 2009 Oct 19.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are effective at reducing blood pressure, whereas statins decrease plasma cholesterol impeding atherosclerosis. It is hypothesized that these medications may improve blood pressure and serum cholesterol by modifying the antioxidative status and energy metabolism of erythrocytes. In this study, the effects of 2 treatments are compared: lisinopril alone versus lisinopril + simvastatin, on erythrocyte antioxidant and energy metabolic enzymes. Patients with atherosclerosis and moderate hypertension are randomly assigned to receive lisinopril 10 to 20 mg/d or lisinopril 10 to 20 mg/d plus simvastatin 20 mg/d for 24 weeks. Higher catalase activity and lower glutathione peroxidase activity are observed in 94% to 100% patients from both groups after 12 and 24 weeks of treatment. Superoxide dismutase activity is increased significantly only after 24 weeks. No changes of glutathione reductase, lactate dehydrogenase, and phosphofructokinase activities are found under any conditions indicated. Both treatments decrease systolic and diastolic blood pressure equally. Only lisinopril + simvastatin treatment decreases plasma total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The results show for the first time that lisinopril monotherapy and combined lisinopril + simvastatin therapy exhibit specific and pronounced effects on antioxidant and energy metabolic enzyme activities in erythrocytes of hypertensive patients.