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Clobetasol propionate emollient 0.05 percent: hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis safety and four-week clinical efficacy results in plaque-type psoriasis.

Author(s): Jorizzo JL, Magee K, Stewart DM, Lebwohl MG, Rajagopalan R, Brown JJ

Affiliation(s): Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, North Carolina.

Publication date & source: 1997-07, Cutis., 60(1):55-60.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Randomized Controlled Trial

Two clinical trials were conducted to evaluate the safety and antipsoriatic efficacy of a new 0.05 percent emollient formulation of clobetasol propionate (CP). In a crossover study of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis effects in 12 patients with psoriasis or eczema, 1.5 gm of CP emollient, applied to lesions twice daily for seven consecutive days, resulted in fewer patients with serum cortisol concentrations < 10 micrograms/100 mL than CP cream 0.05 percent (1vs 4); such concentrations were seen in two other patients during both treatment phases. A double-blind, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial in patients with moderate to severe plaque-type psoriasis showed that four weeks' treatment with CP emollient 0.43 to 0.5 gm twice daily (n = 35) was significantly more effective than emollient vehicle (n = 39) in reducing total signs/symptoms and scaling by Day 4, erythema and skin thickening by Day 8, and pruritus by Day 15. CP emollient was rated superior to vehicle by Day 4 in physician's gross assessment ratings and by Day 15 in patient's self-assessment ratings. In all assessments, CP emollient continued to be superior to vehicle during the remainder of the treatment period and two-week posttreatment period. No significant differences were observed in tolerability or serum cortisol effects during the course of the study.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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