[Comparative study on cefdinir and cefaclor in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate bacterial community acquired pneumonia.]
Author(s): Jiang XT, Du YP, Deng LP
Affiliation(s): Department of Respiratory Disease, The Affiliated of Xiamen Zhong Shan Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Xiamen 361004, China.
Publication date & source: 2004-11-17, Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi., 84(22):1876-8.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of cefdinir in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate bacterial community acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: A prospective single-blind randomized controlled clinical study was performed comparing cefdinir with cefaclor in the treatment of sixty-four patients with CAP. The clinical and bacteriological efficacy and safety were compared between cefdinir and cefaclor in treating mild to moderate CAP. Thirty-three patients were treated with cefdinir 100 mg, orally, three times a day (cefdinir group), thirty-one patients were treated with cefaclor 500 mg, orally, three times a day (cefaclor group). In both groups 7-14 d was a treatment course. RESULTS: The cure rate of cefdinir and cefaclor was 84.8% and 77.4% respectively and the overall efficacy rate was 93.9% and 87.1% respectively. The bacterial positive rates and bacterial eradication rates of the two groups were 81.8%, 80.7% and 96.3%, 88%, respectively. The adverse drug reaction rate were 3% in cefdinir group and 6.5% in cefaclor group. There was no statistical significant difference between the two groups for the above results (P >0.05). The time of given medicine of cefdinir and cefaclor was (10.8 +/- 1.6) d and (12.1 +/- 1.7) d (P <0.01) respectively. CONCLUSION: cefdinir is safe and effective, shorten the course of treatment in the treatment of mild to moderate bacterial community acquired pneumonia.