Serial intravascular ultrasound analysis of peri-stent remodeling and proximal and distal edge effects after sirolimus-eluting or paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Author(s): Jensen LO, Maeng M, Mintz GS, Christiansen EH, Hansen KN, Galloe A, Kelbaek H, Lassen JF, Thuesen L, Thayssen P
Affiliation(s): Department of Cardiology, Odense University Hospital, Denmark, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2009-04-15, Am J Cardiol., 103(8):1083-8. Epub 2009 Mar 4.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
Patients with diabetes have an increased risk of in-stent restenosis after coronary stent implantation. Serial intravascular ultrasound was used to study chronic arterial responses and edge effects after implantation of Cypher (Cordis, Johnson & Johnson, Miami Lakes, Florida) or Taxus (Boston Scientific, Maple Grove, Minnesota) stents in diabetic patients. Seventy-four diabetic patients were randomly assigned to Cypher or Taxus stent implantation. Intravascular ultrasound of 5-mm long segments immediately proximal and distal to the stent was performed after the procedure and at the 8-month follow-up. The increase in peri-stent external elastic membrane (EEM) volume was more pronounced in the Taxus group (292.4 +/- 132.6 to 309.5 +/- 146.8 mm(3)) than in the Cypher group (274.4 +/- 137.2 to 275.4 +/- 140.1 mm(3); p = 0.005). Peri-stent plaque volume increased in the Taxus group (152.5 +/- 73.7 to 166.1 +/- 85.1 mm(3)), but was unchanged in the Cypher group (153.5 +/- 75.5 to 151.5 +/- 75.8 mm(3); p = 0.002). In proximal and distal reference segments, mean lumen area decreased within the entire 5-mm edge segment (proximal and distal) because of plaque progression (distal, 5.5 +/- 3.6 to 5.8 +/- 3.7 mm(2); p = 0.097; proximal, 8.1 +/- 2.7 to 8.7 +/- 2.9 mm(2); p = 0.006) without remodeling (change in EEM) in the Taxus group. Conversely, there were no significant changes in reference-segment EEM or plaque areas in the Cypher group. In conclusion, in diabetic patients, Taxus stent implantation was associated with increased (1) peri-stent EEM volume and peri-stent plaque, and (2) stent edge plaque progression accompanied by lumen reduction without remodeling. These findings were not seen in Cypher stents.