Evaluation of drug-induced QT prolongation in a halothane-anesthetized monkey model: effects of sotalol.
Author(s): Ishizaka T, Yoshimatsu Y, Ozawa M, Kimotsuki T, Takasaki W, Manabe S, Yasuda M
Affiliation(s): Medicinal Safety Research Laboratories, Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., 717 Horikoshi, Fukuroi, Shizuoka 437-0065, Japan. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2009-03, J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods., 59(2):86-93.
INTRODUCTION: Cynomolgus monkeys are used in in vivo models of safety pharmacological studies to evaluate the effects of drug candidates on the cardiovascular system. Models using halothane-anesthetized animals have been used for the detection of drug-induced QT interval prolongation, but few studies with anesthetized monkeys have been reported. METHODS: The electrophysiological changes induced by dl-sotalol, a representative class III antiarrhythmic drug, were assessed in halothane-anesthetized monkeys (n = 4) or conscious and unrestrained monkeys (n = 4). RESULTS: In terms of basal characteristics, the QT interval was longer and the heart rate (HR) was lower under anesthesia than those under conscious conditions. Intravenous administration of 0.1 to 3 mg/kg dl-sotalol to anesthetized monkeys decreased the HR and prolonged the QT interval, monophasic action potential (MAP) duration and ventricular effective refractory period in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, reverse use-dependent prolongation of MAP duration was detected by electrical pacing, whereas the terminal repolarization period was hardly affected at any dose. Oral administration of 3 to 30 mg/kg dl-sotalol to conscious monkeys also decreased the HR and prolonged the QT interval in a dose-dependent manner. When compared at similar plasma concentrations of sotalol, the extent of QT interval prolongation under halothane anesthesia was equal to or greater than that under conscious conditions. DISCUSSION: The sensitivity for detection of drug-induced QT prolongation under halothane anesthesia may be satisfactory compared with that under conscious conditions. The present examinations indicated the usefulness of a model using halothane-anesthetized monkeys for evaluation of drug-induced QT interval prolongation.