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Effect of felbamate on valproic acid disposition in healthy volunteers: inhibition of beta-oxidation.

Author(s): Hooper WD, Franklin ME, Glue P, Banfield CR, Radwanski E, McLaughlin DB, McIntyre ME, Dickinson RG, Eadie MJ

Affiliation(s): Department of Medicine, The University of Queensland Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Publication date & source: 1996-01, Epilepsia., 37(1):91-7.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

We assessed the effects of felbamate (FBM) on the disposition of valpr oic acid (VPA) in healthy volunteer men. Eighteen subjects received sodium VPA, 400 mg/day for 21 days. Plasma and urine samples were taken on day 7 to document the steady-state disposition of VPA alone. From day 8 to day 21, subjects received placebo or FBM at the following doses (mg/day): 1,200, 2,400, 3,000, or 3,600 (n = 2-4 per group). Many adverse events (AE) occurred from about day 10; 2 subjects dropped out and 1 continued on a reduced FBM dose. Pharmacokinetic studies were repeated on day 21 for the 16 subjects who completed the study. FBM was measured in plasma and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). VPA and its 2-en, 4-en, and 3-oxo metabolites in plasma, and VPA (nonconjugated and total), and its 3-oxo and 4-hydroxy metabolites in urine were measured by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Mean plasma FBM trough concentrations on day 21 ranged from 26.9 mu g/ml (1,200 mg dose) to 76.8 mu g/ml (3,600-mg dose). Mean plasma VPA C max values were 32-42 mu g/ml in the various subgroups when VPA only was administered. Higher plasma VPA levels were observed when FBM was administered concurrently (55.4-63.8 mu g/ml). The excretion of 3-oxo-VPA in urine was significantly lower on day 21 than on day 7, whereas VPA-glucuronide was significantly increased. The effects of FBM on VPA disposition were dose dependent and were maximal at approximately 2400 mg/day. FBM has caused significant inhibition of the beta-oxidation pathway for VPA metabolic clearance, and this had been largely compensated by increased VPA glucuronidation.

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