Differential effect of fenofibrate and atorvastatin on in vivo kinetics of apolipoproteins B-100 and B-48 in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus with marked hypertriglyceridemia.
Author(s): Hogue JC, Lamarche B, Deshaies Y, Tremblay AJ, Bergeron J, Gagne C, Couture P
Affiliation(s): Lipid Research Center, CHUL Research Center, Quebec, Qc, Canada G1V 4G2.
Publication date & source: 2008-02, Metabolism., 57(2):246-54.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
The specific impact of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors and fibrates on the in vivo metabolism of apolipoprotein (apo) B has not been systematically investigated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with high plasma triglyceride (TG) levels. Therefore, the objective of this 2-group parallel study was to examine the differential effects of a 6-week treatment with atorvastatin or fenofibrate on in vivo kinetics of apo B-48 and B-100 in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus with marked hypertriglyceridemia. Apolipoprotein B kinetics were assessed at baseline and at the end of the intervention using a primed constant infusion of [5,5,5-D(3)]-l-leucine for 12 hours in the fed state. Fenofibrate significantly decreased plasma TG levels with no significant change in plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and apo B levels. On the other hand, atorvastatin significantly reduced plasma levels of TG, LDL-C, and apo B. After treatment with fenofibrate, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) apo B-100 pool size (PS) was decreased because of an increase in the fractional catabolic rate (FCR) of VLDL apo B-100. No significant change was observed in the kinetics of LDL apo B-100. Moreover, fenofibrate significantly decreased TG-rich lipoprotein (TRL) apo B-48 PS because of a significant increase in TRL apo B-48 FCR. After treatment with atorvastatin, VLDL and IDL apo B-100 PSs were significantly decreased because of significant elevations in the FCR of these subfractions. Low-density lipoprotein apo B-100 PS was significantly lowered because of a tendency toward decreased LDL apo B-100 production rate (PR). Finally, atorvastatin reduced TRL apo B-48 PS because of a significant decrease in the PR of this subfraction. These results indicate that fenofibrate increases TRL apo B-48 as well as VLDL apo B-100 clearance in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus with marked hypertriglyceridemia, whereas atorvastatin increases both VLDL and IDL apo B-100 clearance and decreases TRL apo B-48 and LDL apo B-100 PR.