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A comparative study to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of two lots of Haemophilus influenzae type-B conjugate vaccine manufactured at different scales.

Author(s): Hirve S, Bavdekar A, Juvekar S, Agarwal D, Barde P, Mangrule S, Patwardhan M, Pandit A, Kulkarni PS

Affiliation(s): Shirdi Sai Baba Rural Hospital, KEM Vadu, Pune, India.

Publication date & source: 2011-07-26, Vaccine., 29(33):5363-7. Epub 2011 Jun 7.

Publication type: Clinical Trial, Phase IV; Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To compare the immunogenicity and safety of two different lots of SII Haemophilus influenzae type-B-tetanus toxoid conjugate (SII HibP(RO)) vaccine manufactured at different scales when given in 3-dose schedule. DESIGN: Phase IV, open label, comparative, randomized parallel group study. SETTING: Shirdi Sai Baba Hospital, Vadu Budruk, Pune and Pediatrics Department of King Edward Memorial Hospital Research Centre, Pune. SUBJECTS: 204 normal healthy infants of age 6-8 weeks at the time of first vaccination. METHODS: The eligible subjects received 3 doses of 0.5 ml of SII HibP(RO) vaccine of either lot depending upon randomization number, intramuscularly in right thigh in the EPI schedule of 6, 10 and 14 weeks. They also received concomitantly DTP-HB vaccine intramuscularly on left thigh and Oral Polio vaccine (OPV). Solicited reactions were captured for 7 days following each vaccination; the events beyond 7 days till day 28 were captured as unsolicited adverse events. Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) were looked for throughout the subject participation. Blood samples were collected at baseline (before the first dose) and one month after the third dose for anti-PRP (polyribosylribitol phosphate) antibodies. RESULTS: In both groups, more than 98% subjects achieved short-term seroprotection (anti-PRP >/= 0.15 mug/ml) after 3 doses. The long-term seroprotection (anti-PRP >/= 1 mug/ml) was 87% and 80% in infants receiving lot manufactured at industrial scale and small scale respectively. Short and long term seroprotection and GMTs increased significantly as compared to baseline in both the groups. Overall local pain (52% and 58%), redness (30% and 41%), swelling (34% and 44%), fever (6% and 6%) and irritability (52% and 50%) were reported in infants receiving lot manufactured at industrial scale and small scale respectively. Majority of the reactions were mild and resolved without any sequelae. Four SAEs, none of them causally related to the study vaccine, occurred during study. CONCLUSION: SII HibP(RO) vaccines manufactured in small and industrial scale are equally immunogenic, safe and confer adequate seroprotection to infants of 6-14 weeks of age. Scaling up production process has not affected the safety and immune response in the target population. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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