Reversal of alpha-methyltyrosine-induced hypoactivity by 6-(R)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-L-erythrobiopterin (R-THBP) in mice.
Author(s): Hirotsu I, Horikawa Y, Kihara T, Ishihara T, Kanai T
Affiliation(s): Laboratory of Experimental Pharmacology, Suntory Institute for Biomedical Research, Osaka, Japan.
Publication date & source: 1992-01, Jpn J Pharmacol., 58(1):67-73.
The effects of peripheral administration of 6-(R)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-L-erythrobiopterin dihydrochloride (R-THBP), a natural cofactor for tyrosine and tryptophan hydroxylases, were investigated in mice treated with a competitive inhibitor of tyrosine hydroxylase, alpha-methyltyrosine (alpha-MT). A subcutaneous dose of 250 mg/kg of alpha-MT decreased markedly both ambulatory activity and cerebral contents of norepinephrine, dopamine and their metabolites in mice. An intraperitoneal dose of 100 mg/kg of R-THBP, which did not alter ambulatory activities in normal mice, improved the hypoactivity in alpha-MT-treated mice. Moreover, R-THBP at intraperitoneal doses of 60 and 100 mg/kg inhibited the impairment of cerebral catecholamine metabolism induced by alpha-MT in mice. We suggest that the reversal of the alpha-MT effects by R-THBP might be due to reactivation of tyrosine hydroxylase in the central nervous system.