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Psychomotor effects of zaleplon and thioridazine coadministration.

Author(s): Hetta J, Broman JE, Darwish M, Troy SM

Affiliation(s): Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.

Publication date & source: 2000-06, Eur J Clin Pharmacol., 56(3):211-7.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interaction of zaleplon and thioridazine administered concomitantly in healthy volunteers. METHODS: A three-period, double-blind, randomized crossover study of the psychomotor effects of single oral doses of zaleplon 20 mg alone, thioridazine 50 mg alone, or the two drugs administered concomitantly was performed in 12 healthy subjects. Pharmacodynamic testing was performed before, and at 1, 2, 4, and 8 h after drug administration. Critical flicker fusion (CFF), tapping rate (TR), reaction time (RT) with dominant and nondominant hands, and digit symbol substitution test (DSST) were used to assess psychomotor performance. RESULTS: Pharmacokinetic results showed that coadministration of zaleplon and thioridazine did not alter the pharmacokinetic profile of either drug. In both CFF and TR tests, values for change from baseline with combined treatment were not significantly different from those with thioridazine at any time point, indicating no pharmacodynamic interaction. RT test values with coadministered treatment were significantly different from those with thioridazine alone at 1 h after administration, indicating additivity. Supra-additivity was observed in DSST results at 1, 2, and 4 h. There was no interaction at 8 h. CONCLUSION: The results of single-dose administration showed an additive pharmacodynamic interaction between zaleplon and thioridazine at 1 h in one of four tests and supra-additivity for 4 h in another test. This interaction is relatively short in duration due to the short half-life of zaleplon.

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