Intraoperative hemodynamic, renin, and catecholamine responses after prophylactic and intraoperative administration of intravenous enalaprilat.
Author(s): Heropoulos M, Schieren H, Seltzer JL, Bartkowski RR, Lessin J, Torjman M, Moody C, Goldberg ME
Affiliation(s): Department of Anesthesiology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107.
Publication date & source: 1995-03, Anesth Analg., 80(3):583-90.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
This study was designed to evaluate effects of enalaprilat, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, on hemodynamic and hormonal responses during surgery at endotracheal intubation, incision, and limb-tourniquet inflation. Thirty patients undergoing limb procedures with general anesthesia (N2O/narcotic technique) and a pneumatic tourniquet were randomized to receive either preoperative enalaprilat (1.25 mg intravenously [i.v.] 20 min prior to induction) or intraoperative enalaprilat (0.625 mg i.v. at the onset of tourniquet-associated hypertension), with appropriate placebo controls. Arterial blood pressure and heart rate increased significantly in response to intubation in the placebo group. Although there were no significant differences in catecholamine levels, plasma renin activity was significantly increased at postincision in the preoperative-enalaprilat group versus the placebo group. This suggests that activation of the renin-angiotensin system may play a key role in mediation of intraoperative hemodynamic responses to endotracheal intubation. With respect to tourniquet hypertension, preoperative or intraoperative treatment with enalaprilat reduced neither the pressor response to tourniquet inflation nor the amount of enflurane subsequently required to control arterial blood pressure. These findings suggest that this response is mediated by pain pathways, and may be treated more effectively with anesthesia/analgesia.