Calcium antagonist isradipine-induced calcium influx through nonselective cation channels in human gingival fibroblasts.
Author(s): Hattori T, Wang PL
Affiliation(s): Department of Dental Pharmacology, Matsumoto Dental University, Shiojiri, Japan. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2006-03-27, Eur J Med Res., 11(3):93-6.
Isradipine raises the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in human gingival fibroblasts by enhancing Ca2+ influx through the plasma membrane. To research the pathways through which Ca2+ enters the cells, we examined the interactive effects of isradipine and blockers or enhancers of nonselective cation channels (NSCCs) and Na+/Ca2+ exchangers (NCXs). Normal human gingival fibroblast Gin-1 cells were used. The [Ca2+]i was measured with the Ca2+-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2/AM. Changes in the fluorescence intensity of fura-2 in the cells were recorded with a video-imaging analysis system. Ca2+ antagonists (nifedipine, verapamil, and diltiazem in the concentration range of 1 to 20 microM) other than isradipine also raised the [Ca2+]i. All of the NSCC inhibitors (SK&F 96365, GdCl3, HgCl2 and flufenamic acid), but none of the NCX inhibitors (KB-R 7943 and benzamil), significantly decreased the [Ca2+]i raised by isradipine (3 microM). Neither the Na+ ionophore monensin nor Na+/K+ ATPase inhibitor ouabain had any significant effect on the isradipine-induced [Ca2+]i rise. Taken together, our data indicate that Ca2+ entry through the NSCCs is involved in the isradipine-induced [Ca2+]i rise. The results obtained here play an important role in the development of drugs for etiologic therapy of gingival overgrowth.