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Additive Intraocular Pressure Reduction Effect of Fixed Combination of Maleate Timolol 0.5%/Dorzolamide 2% (Cosopt) on Monotherapy With Latanoprost (Xalatan) in Patients With Elevated Intraocular Pressure: A Prospective, 4-week, Open-label, Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial.

Author(s): Hatanaka M, Reis A, Sano ME, Susanna R Jr

Affiliation(s): Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Publication date & source: 2009-09-02, J Glaucoma., [Epub ahead of print]

PURPOSE: To evaluate the additive effect of dorzolamide/timolol fixed combination in patients under monotherapy with latanoprost. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, 4-week, randomized, open-label controlled clinical trial, patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, which presented at least 15% intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction after a minimum period of 15 days of monotherapy with latanoprost and whose IOP level was considered above the established target-IOP level were randomized to receive fixed combination of timolol/dorzolamide twice daily in one of eyes. The fellow eye was kept under monotherapy and was included in the control group. A modified diurnal tension curve (mDTC) followed by the water drinking test were performed in the baseline and week 4 visits to evaluate IOP profile between groups. RESULTS: Forty-nine per-protocol patients were analyzed. After latanoprost monotherapy run-in period, IOP levels were significantly reduced (P<0.001) in both control and study groups to 15.34+/-2.96 mm Hg and 15.24+/-2.84 mm Hg (30.8% and 32.2% IOP reduction, respectively; P=0.552). At week 4, mean baseline diurnal IOP levels were 15.60+/-3.09 and 14.44+/-3.03 (7.4% difference; P=0.01). Mean baseline IOP modified diurnal tension curve peak after latanoprost run-in period were 17.47+/-3.68 mm Hg and 17.02+/-3.35 mm Hg (control and study eyes, respectively; P=0.530). At week 4 visit, mean water-drinking test peaks were significantly reduced in the study eye group in comparison with the control group: 19.02+/-3.81 mm Hg and 20.39+/-4.19 mm Hg, respectively (6.7% reduction; P=0.039). CONCLUSIONS: In our sample, dorzolamide 2%/timolol 0.5% fixed combination as add-on therapy in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension under monotherapy with latanoprost with IOP already in mid-teens levels may further enhance pressure reduction.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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