Effects of telmisartan and losartan on cardiovascular protection in Japanese hypertensive patients.
Author(s): Hasegawa H, Takano H, Narumi H, Ohtsuka M, Mizuguchi T, Namiki T, Kobayashi Y, Komuro I
Affiliation(s): Department of Cardiovascular Science and Medicine, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.
Publication date & source: 2011-11, Hypertens Res., 34(11):1179-84. Epub 2011 Jul 28.
The Telmisartan and Losartan Cardiac Evaluation Trial, a multicenter, prospective, randomized, open-labeled, blinded-endpoint trial, was designed to compare the effects of two angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), telmisartan and losartan, on cardiovascular protection in Japanese patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. We compared the effects of telmisartan and losartan on left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, cardiac function, atherosclerosis of carotid arteries and surrogate markers related to the actions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma. A total of 58 patients were enrolled in the present trial and the follow-up period was 1 year. There were no significant differences in blood pressure (BP) levels between the telmisartan group and the losartan group throughout the trial. The percentage of the patients treated with ARB monotherapy was significantly higher in the telmisartan group compared with the losartan group. In addition, the progression of intima-media thickness of common carotid artery was significantly inhibited in the telmisartan group compared with the losartan group. Neither group experienced significant changes in cardiac function and LV mass index. There were no differences between the groups with respect to changes in surrogate markers such as serum adiponectin, creatinine, homeostasis model assessment index, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and high sensitivity C-reactive protein. Although BP levels were equal and well controlled in both groups, telmisartan showed more protective vascular effects than losartan.