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Fosinopril versus enalapril in the treatment of hypertension: a double-blind study in 195 patients.

Author(s): Hansson L, Forslund T, Hoglund C, Istad H, Lederballe-Pedersen O, Kristinsson A, Segaard E, Svensson A, Aarynen M, Wahrenberg H, Wennersten G, Kjellstrom T

Affiliation(s): Department of Geriatrics, University of Uppsala, Sweden.

Publication date & source: 1996-07, J Cardiovasc Pharmacol., 28(1):1-5.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

The new angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor fosinopril was compared with the ACE inhibitor enalapril in a multicenter (n = 11), multinational (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden), double-blind, randomized, parallel-group 24-week study in 195 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension [supine diastolic blood pressure, (SDBP) > or = 95 to < or = 110 mm Hg]. After discontinuing all previous antihypertensive medication, patients were entered into a placebo lead-in period of 4-6 weeks, followed by 24 weeks of randomized treatment with the active compounds administered with a double-dummy technique. The dose of fosinopril was 20 mg, which could be increased to 40 mg after 8 weeks (average 25.6 mg); that of enalapril was 10 mg, which could be increased to 20 mg after 8 weeks (average 12.9 mg). Hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg could be added after 16 weeks and was administered to 27% of the patients in the fosinopril group and to 30% in the enalapril group. All drugs were administered once daily. Supine systolic BP (SSBP) decreased from 157 to 143 mm Hg in the fosinopril group (p < 0.01), and from 159 to 147 mm Hg in the enalapril group (p < 0.01). SSDP decreased from 100 to 89 mm Hg in the fosinopril group (p < 0.01) and from 100 to 92 mm Hg in the enalapril group (p < 0.01). Throughout the study period, fosinopril reduced SSBP and SDBP numerically more than did enalapril, by 0-3 mm Hg. Adverse events (AE) caused withdrawal of study medication in 8 patients in the fosinopril group and in 14 patients in the enalapril group (NS). The number of reported AE was not statistically different in the two groups. Inhibition of the ACE was assessed in a subgroup of patients (n = 26, 13 in each group). Fosinopril caused a greater inhibition of ACE at the doses used in the present study, which was statistically significant. Both fosinopril and enalapril caused statistically significant reductions in BP of a similar magnitude, and both agents were well tolerated. However, fosinopril was consistently numerically slightly more effective than enalapril in reducing BP. There were fewer withdrawals due to AE (NS) in the fosinopril group, and the overall recorded AE were fewer in the fosinopril group (NS).

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