Tipranavir/T20-based salvage regimens highly effective and durable against HIV-1 with evidence for genotypic predictability of response in clinical practice.
Author(s): Gupta RK, Loveday C, Kalidindi U, Lechelt M, Skinner C, Orkin C
Affiliation(s): Barts and The London NHS Trust, London, UK.
Publication date & source: 2007-09, Int J STD AIDS., 18(9):630-2.
Publication type: Evaluation Studies
Escalating drug resistance in treatment-experienced HIV-1-infected patients has made management increasingly difficult. In clinical trials, tipranavir (TPV) has produced potent and durable responses in such patients, although experience in clinical cohorts is limited. A retrospective clinical case review was undertaken of triple-class experienced HIV-1-infected patients receiving optimized boosted TPV-containing regimens and T20 with up to 108 weeks follow-up. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) resistance profiles were characterized using International Aids Society (IAS)-USA scoring and 'TPV resistance score' (TPV-RS) at baseline and failure. Five of 12 patients had undetectable virus (<50 copies/mL) after median 84 weeks (range 60-108), and 1/12 < had 700 copies/mL after 40 weeks. Six of 12 patients failed after 36 (range 12-48) weeks and were more likely to have > or = 3 TPV-RS mutations than non-failures (P = 0.06). Presence of a major IAS-USA mutation at baseline was strongly associated with absence of a 1 log viral load drop at 24 weeks (P = 0.02). TPV-containing regimens showed impressive efficacy and tolerability in this heavily experienced cohort.