[Treatment of hypertension with indapamide 1.5 mg sustained-release form: synthesis of results]
Author(s): Guez D, Mallion JM, Degaute JP, Malini PL, Baldwin R, Rodriguez-Pujol D, de Cordoue A, Barrandon S, Chastang C, Safar M
Affiliation(s): Institut de Recherches internationales Servien, Courbevole.
Publication date & source: 1996-09, Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss., 89 Spec No 4:17-25.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
In accordance with international recommendations on the need to decrease doses of antihypertensive drugs, a low-dose (1.5 mg) sustained-release form of indapamide was developed so as to optimize the safety/efficacy ratio, while maintaining a once-daily administration. The new formulation ensures that the active ingredient release occurs in a sustained manner over 24 hours, with mean concentrations close to the maximal concentration over a prolonged period, while avoiding peak plasma concentrations. Clinical data were obtained mainly through two European multicenter, randomized, double-blind trials, totalling 690 patients. Firstly, the antihypertensive efficacy' of the new indapamide 1.5 mg form was demonstrated by measuring blood pressure 24 hours after the last drug intake, using a mercury sphygmomanometer; the equivalence of its antihypertensive efficacy with the immediate-release form of indapamide 2.5 mg was then verified. Biochemical safety data showed better acceptability with indapamide 1.5 mg with in particular a reduction of more than 50% of the number of patients with kalemia < 3.4 mmol/l; clinical safety data confirmed the good acceptability observed with the 2.5 mg immediate-release form of indapamide since many years, especially regarding glucose and lipid neutrality. In conclusion, the 1.5 mg sustained-release form of indapamide has an improved antihypertensive efficacy/safety ratio which is in accordance with international recommendations for the usage of low doses of antihypertensive drugs and diuretics in the first-line treatment of hypertension.