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Alendronate reduces bone resorption in HIV-associated osteopenia/osteoporosis.

Author(s): Guaraldi G, Orlando G, Madeddu G, Vescini F, Ventura P, Campostrini S, Mura MS, Parise N, Caudarella R, Esposito R

Affiliation(s): Dipartimento di Medicina e Specialita Mediche, School of Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via del Pozzo 71, 41100 Modena, Italy. g.guaraldi@unimo.it

Publication date & source: 2004-09, HIV Clin Trials., 5(5):269-77.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of alendronate, vitamin D, and calcium supplementation on bone metabolism and bone mineral density (BMD) in both HIV-infected men and women treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHOD: We performed a 52-week prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label clinical trial. Eligible participants were on stable HAART and had BMD values at the femoral neck or lumbar spine that corresponded to a t score less than -1. Patients were randomized to receive alendronate 70 mg weekly or no alendronate; calcium 1000 mg daily and vitamin D 500 IU daily were provided to all study recipients. Primary endpoint of the study was the change in bone metabolism evaluated by N-telopeptide of type 1 collagen and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase; the secondary endpoint was BMD variation. RESULTS: 18 patients were randomized to the alendronate and 23 to the no-alendronate group (controls). The alendronate-treatment group compared to controls had a significant decrease in serum N-telopeptides, 1914 +/- 1433.4 vs. 3967 +/- 1650.5 pM/L (p = .005) after 1 year. Lumbar spine BMD increased by 4% in the alendronate group (p = .004) vs. 3.7% (p = .062) in controls, compared to baseline values. Femoral neck BMD decreased by 0.5% in the alendronate group (p = .05) and by 3.5% in the control group (p = .04). No between-groups differences for BMD were found (Delta lumbar-BMD 0.0351 +/- 0.0406 in cases and 0.0356 +/- 0.073 in controls [p = .977], Delta femoral-BMD -0.085 +/- 0.160 in cases and -0.100 +/- 0.165 in controls [p = .795]). CONCLUSION: Alendronate plus vitamin D and calcium was effective in reducing bone resorption. Alendronate improved lumbar BMD and minimized femoral BMD decrease after 52 weeks compared to treatment with vitamin D and calcium alone in patients on HAART with osteopenia/osteoporosis.

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