Pentoxifylline decreases serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6 and C-reactive protein in hemodialysis patients: results of a randomized double-blind, controlled clinical trial.
Author(s): Gonzalez-Espinoza L, Rojas-Campos E, Medina-Perez M, Pena-Quintero P, Gomez-Navarro B, Cueto-Manzano AM
Affiliation(s): 1Unidad de Investigacion Medica en Enfermedades Renales, Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Medico Nacional de Occidente, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Guadalajara, Mexico.
Publication date & source: 2011-10-03, Nephrol Dial Transplant., [Epub ahead of print]
Aim. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of pentoxifylline versus placebo on serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) of hemodialysis (HD) patients.METHODS: This is a randomized double-blind, controlled clinical trial. HD patients without infection or drugs with anti-inflammatory effect were randomly allocated to a study (n = 18, pentoxifylline 400 mg/day) or control (n = 18, placebo) group; all patients had arteriovenous fistula. Besides clinical and laboratory monthly assessments, serum TNF-alpha and IL-6 (ELISA) and CRP (nephelometry) were measured at 0, 2 and 4 months.RESULTS: All the inflammation markers significantly (P < 0.05) decreased in the pentoxifylline group: TNF-alpha [baseline 0.4 (0-2) versus final 0 (0-0) pg/mL], IL-6 [baseline 9.4 (5-14) versus final 2.9 (2-5) pg/mL] and CRP [baseline 7.1 (3-20) versus final 2.6 (1-8) mg/L], whereas no significant changes were observed in the placebo group: TNF-alpha [baseline 0 (0-0) versus final 1.2 (0-4) pg/mL], IL-6 [baseline 8.0 (5-11) versus final 8.7 (4-11) pg/mL] and CRP [baseline 4.5 (2-9) versus final 3.8 (3-23) mg/L].CONCLUSIONS: Pentoxifylline significantly decreased serum concentrations of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and CRP compared to placebo. Pentoxifylline could be a promising and useful strategy to reduce the systemic inflammation frequently observed in patients on HD.