Vitamin E treatment for children with chronic hepatitis B: A randomized placebo controlled trial.
Author(s): Gerner P, Posselt HG, Krahl A, Ballauff A, Innerhofer A, Binder C, Wenzl TG, Zense M, Hector A, Dockter G, Adam R, Neubert J, Claben M, van Gemmern R, Wirth S
Affiliation(s): Children's Hospital Duisburg-Essen University, Klinik 2, Essen 45122, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication date & source: 2008-12-21, World J Gastroenterol., 14(47):7208-13.
AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Vitamin E in children with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients with chronic hepatitis B, positive for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), to receive either Vitamin E or placebo once daily for 6 mo in a 3:1 ratio and double-blind manner. The primary end point was HBeAg seroconversion, defined as the loss of HBeAg, undetectable levels of serum hepatitis B virus DNA, and the appearance of antibodies against HBeAg 12 mo after therapy. RESULTS: At baseline visit, 49 patients had normal and 43 had increased serum aminotransferase levels. Twenty-nine patients did not respond to previous treatment with interferon-alpha or lamivudine. Seventy-six children completed the study; 16 were non-compliant (n = 7), lost to follow-up (n = 7), or started another antiviral treatment (n = 3). Intention-to-treat analysis showed HBeAg seroconversion in 16 children (23.2%) treated with Vitamin E and two (8.7%) in the placebo group (P = 0.13). Vitamin E was well tolerated. CONCLUSION: There is only a tendency that Vitamin E may promote HBeAg seroconversion. Therefore larger studies are needed to clarify the role of antioxidants in the therapy of chronic hepatitis B.