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Comparison of clozapine-amisulpride and clozapine-quetiapine combinations for patients with schizophrenia who are partially responsive to clozapine: a single-blind randomized study.

Author(s): Genc Y, Taner E, Candansayar S

Affiliation(s): Department of Psychiatry, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Besevler, Ankara, Turkey.

Publication date & source: 2007-01, Adv Ther., 24(1):1-13.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

Schizophrenia is a devastating psychiatric disorder. Clozapine has long been the gold standard for treatment of patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia; however, some patients are only partially responsive to clozapine treatment. Augmentation of clozapine treatment might enhance its effectiveness in partial responders, but only a few studies have investigated possible augmentation strategies. This study compared the effectiveness and tolerability of the combination of amisulpride and clozapine with the combination of quetiapine and clozapine in patients who were only partially responsive to clozapine monotherapy. Fifty-six treatment-resistant patients who were partially responsive to clozapine were randomly assigned to receive amisulpride or quetiapine along with an ongoing stable dose of clozapine. Fifty patients completed the study. Patients were evaluated at baseline and at the first, third, sixth, and eighth weeks. Efficacy measures consisted of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS), and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale. Tolerability and adverse effects were assessed with the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser (UKU) Side Effect Rating Scale and the Simpson Angus Scale (SAS). A substantial improvement occurred in both groups by the end of the eighth week; however, the improvement associated with amisulpride was significantly greater than that seen with quetiapine. This difference was noted as early as the third week of follow-up in terms of CGI scores, and by the sixth week with regard to BPRS, SANS, and SAPS scores. Both drugs were well tolerated, as measured by UKU and SAS. Improvement favoring clozapine+amisulpride could be attributed to the selective D2/D3 binding property of amisulpride, which had an additional effect in improving symptoms of schizophrenia. The authors concluded that amisulpride seems to be effective and well tolerated for augmentation purposes in clozapine-resistant patients.

Page last updated: 2007-08-04

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