Combination therapy with mexiletine and sotalol suppresses inherited ventricular arrhythmias in German shepherd dogs better than mexiletine or sotalol monotherapy: a randomized cross-over study.
Author(s): Gelzer AR, Kraus MS, Rishniw M, Hemsley SA, Moise NS
Affiliation(s): Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2010-08, J Vet Cardiol., 12(2):93-106.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the spontaneous variability of ventricular arrhythmias (VA) and evaluate anti-arrhythmic efficacy of mexiletine, sotalol, and a mexiletine-sotalol combination in German shepherd dogs (GSD) with inherited arrhythmias. ANIMALS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: 12 affected GSD, median age 20 weeks, received mexiletine (8 mg/kg PO q8 h), sotalol (2.5 mg/kg PO q12 h), and combination therapy for 6 days in random order. Pre- and post-treatment 24 h Holter recordings were acquired, allowing determination of VA variability and reduction in 24 h VA for each treatment. Drug concentrations during each arm were measured. RESULTS: An anti-arrhythmic effect could be inferred if ventricular premature complexes (VPC), ventricular couplets (V(cpl)), ventricular tachycardia runs (VT(runs)) and total ventricular ectopy (VE(tot)) frequency were reduced by 61%, 97%, 98%, and 63% (1 control Holter model), by 53%, 94%, 95%, and 54% (4 control Holter model) and by 54%, 95%, 96% and 56% (3 control Holter model). Combination therapy reduced VPC and VE(tot) in more dogs (5/12 and 6/12) than mexiletine (1/11 and 2/11) or sotalol (2/9 and 1/9) (p < 0.05). The combination therapy reduced the mean number of VPC, V(cpl), and VE(tot). Sotalol monotherapy produced an increase in VT(runs). Plasma mexiletine concentration was higher during combination therapy than with monotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy reduced VPC in affected GSD. Sotalol monotherapy increased VT(runs). Combination therapy increased plasma mexiletine concentrations. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.