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Bioavailability investigation of two different oral formulations of doxepin.

Author(s): Geister U, Gaupp M, Arnold P, Schaarschmidt D, Doser K, Renner J

Affiliation(s): Pharmakin GmbH, Gesellschaft fur Pharmakokinetik, Ulm, Germany. ursugeis@pharmakin.de

Publication date & source: 2001, Arzneimittelforschung., 51(3):189-96.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

Two different oral doxepin (CAS 1668-195) formulations (Doxepin-ratiopharm 25 mg film-coated tablets as test preparation and 25 mg dragees of the reference preparation) were investigated in 30 healthy male and female volunteers in order to prove bioequivalence between these preparations. A single 75 mg oral dose (3 units of test or reference preparation) was given according to a randomised two-way cross-over design in the fasted state. Blood samples for determination of plasma concentration of doxepin and its metabolite N-desmethyldoxepin were collected at pre-defined time points up to 168 h following drug administration. A wash-out period of three weeks separated both treatment periods. Doxepin and N-desmethyldoxepin plasma concentrations were determined by means of a validated LC-MS/MS method. Values of 193,463 pgh/ml (test preparation) and 197,988 pg h/ml (reference preparation) for doxepin as well as values of 313,298 pg h/ml (test preparation) and 306,663 pgh/ml (reference preparation) for N-desmethyldoxepin for the parameter AUC0-infinity demonstrate a nearly identical extent of drug absorption. Maximum concentrations (Cmax) for doxepin/N-desmethyldoxepin of 15,960.06/6,883.69 pg/ml and 18,614.73/6,846.62 pg/ml were achieved for test and reference preparation. Time to reach doxepin maximum plasma concentration (tmax) was 1.98 h for both preparations and for N-desmethyldoxepin tmax was 4.52 h (test preparation) and 4.15 h (reference preparation). Cmax and AUC0-infinity values were tested for statistically significant differences by means of the Two One-Sided T-Tests procedure following ln-transformation of data. Bioequivalence was assumed if the 90% confidence intervals of the T/R-ratios were in the range of 80%-125% for ln-transformed AUC0-infinity and 70%-143% for ln-transformed Cmax. Based on the results obtained in this study, bioequivalence between the test and the reference preparation was demonstrated.

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