In vivo determination of the skin atrophy potential of the super-high-potency topical corticosteroid fluocinonide 0.1% cream compared with clobetasol propionate 0.05% cream and foam, and a vehicle.
Author(s): Gans EH, Sadiq I, Stoudemayer T, Stoudemayer M, Kligman AM
Affiliation(s): Hastings Senior Associates LLC, Westport, CT, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2008-01, J Drugs Dermatol., 7(1):28-32.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Comparative Study
PURPOSE: Prolonged topical corticosteroid use is often associated with atrophic skin changes. This trial compared signs of skin atrophy related to 3 super-high-potency corticosteroids: fluocinonide 0.1% cream, clobetasol propionate 0.05% cream, and 0.05% foam. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The test treatments were applied to the forearms 10 females twice daily for 21 days. Skin characteristics were assessed pretreatment and posttreatment for atrophic changes. Further punch biopsies obtained from 5 subjects were assessed histologically. RESULTS: Clobetasol foam produced mild changes in noninvasive tests, but stained skin biopsies revealed structural changes nearly comparable to clobetasol cream, which showed substantial atrophic changes. Fluocinonide cream was the least atrophogenic, producing no or only mild effects that were slightly greater than vehicle. CONCLUSIONS: Fluocinonide cream has a lower potential to produce atrophic changes of the skin than either clobetasol cream or clobetasol propionate foam.